Graveline, MD., AS
During my 10
years as USAF flight surgeon I was research scientist at both the
Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory at Wright-Patterson AFB and
the USAF School of Aerospace Medicine. Prolonged weightlessness deconditioning
was my primary area of interest. Using both bed rest and water immersion,
I explored the use of various countermeasures to prevent Zero G deconditioning
including exercise, salt and water replacement, extremity tourniquets
and the lower body negative pressure device (LBNP), the prototype
of which was conceived by me and fabricated at USAFSAM. The LBNP device
was flown on Skylab, MIR and Shuttle flights and remains in current
this time I also was a member of our Foreign Technology Intelligence
team as analyst for Soviet Bioastronautics. Working with electronic
engineers at the Aeromedical Laboratory, WPAFB I broke out the unique
Sovet HF telemetry link for continuous monitoring of cosmonaut heart
and respiratory rates used during their entire Vostok and Voskhod
series of spaceflights, permitting, on one memorable afternoon while
on our Pacific Ocean located tracking ship, Rose Knot Victor, our
entire NASA tracking system to follow the biomedical progress of the
Soviet's Voskhod 2 mission.
in this time period I was appointed as one of the medical monitors
for NASA spaceflights with deployment for every mission from the flight
of Enos, through Mercury and most of Gemini before my own selection
in 1965 as one of NASA's six scientist astronauts.
1966 during my NASA sponsored year of T-38 supersonc jet training
at Williams AFB I left the astronaut program for personal reasons
and entered clincal medicine as a family doctor. I established the
Health Maintenance Center in Burlington, Vermont, the location of
my medical college and for the next 23 years I practiced family medicine
with emphasis on preventive health concepts. I was the first doctor
in the state of Vermont to use physician assistants and emphasized
health screening and routine health checkups throughout my busy practice.
Nearing retirement I became a locum tenens physician and for two years
worked in this capaciiy at various medical offices, mostly in the
state of Virginia with duties ranging from walk-in outpatient clinics,
to health clinics on a college campus, to taking over the practice
of vacationing doctors to operation of hospital outreach clinics.
I retired from clinical medicine in 1994 at the age of 63.